Ford Motor Co, the No 2 US automaker, is developing the smallest engine that can save fuel as the gasoline prices and the federal standards on the fuel economy have become stricter.
The new model is a 1.0-litre three-cylinder engine and will be introduced in the market within the next two years. The engine will retain similar features and same performances as its popular four-cylinder engine, but will save more fuel with lower emissions, according to Ford.
Derrick Kuzak, Ford’s head of product development, said that the company aims to improve fuel economy without compromising the requirements of its customers. Engines of this size are found in motorcycles and small cars. The new product is aimed for smaller cars.
Ford also plans to develop hybrid transmission that will replace the Japanese supplier Aisin. Ford also plans an eight-speed transmission. Automakers are developing more advanced power-trains in the wake of stricter federal standards regarding fuel economy.
According to new federal fuel economy standards, by the year 2016, automakers’ cars and trucks?require 35.5 miles per gallon on an average. Vehicles?developed by the top 14 automakers in the year?2010?averaged 22.5 miles per gallon.
The prototype will have EcoBoost technology that includes turbocharging and direct injection. According to Ford executives, small engineering changes are helpful, such as?the offset crankshaft?of the engine can boost fuel economy by about?1?to 2 per cent.
Joe Bakaj, Ford vice president of global power-train engineering, said that subtle details should be given importance to achieve absolute fuel consumption possible with the engine. The new model three-cylinder?engine will be used in Ford vehicles worldwide.